Porcelain's physical properties are very similar to those of tooth enamel. A skilled technician can make it look identical to teeth.

As well as being beautiful, it maintains its appearance unchanged for its lifetime. The new generation of porcelains are also incredibly strong.



Porcelain is the material of choice for this cosmetic procedure. Veneers are ultra-thin coverings bonded to the outer faces of the teeth. The beauty of attaching veneers it that it is a minimally invasive procedure - often little or no removal of the existing tooth is needed.


Crowns and Bridges


  • Crown

is a restoration that covers all of the visible part of the tooth above gum level. A crown is required when the tooth is badly damaged.

  • Bridge

a way of replacing a missing tooth by 'crowning' the teeth each side of the gap, and fixing the replacement tooth to the crowns. This is bonded into place. Depending on what teeth are suitable for crown preparation, longer bridges are possible, replacing a number of teeth. Nowadays, though, it can be better to look at Implants when considering fixed replacement of missing teeth (see Implants)

  • Maryland bridge

Minimally invasive. A very thin layer of enamel is removed from only the backs of the teeth next to the gap. The bridge is then bonded to the backs of these teeth: all that shows is the porcelain replacement tooth.



An implant is a metal replacement for the root of a missing tooth. Modern implants show a very high success rate, and are seen as the minimally invasive treatment of choice for a single tooth replacement, avoiding the removal of tooth tissue needed for bridgework.